Research on Segregation
A more pronounced achievement gap is found in minority students who attend high poverty schools. And yet, in Austin, most of our children of color go to high poverty schools. (Reardon, 2015)
During integration during the 70s and 80s, the achievement gap narrowed, but the trend stopped, and in some cases reversed, when our schools started resegregating in 1988. (Barton, 2010)
“For blacks, school desegregation significantly increased both educational and occupational attainments, college quality and adult earnings, reduced the probability of incarceration, and improved adult health status; desegregation had no effects on whites across each of these outcomes.” (Johnson, 2011)
If you haven't yet listened to the This American Life podcast on segregation in American schools, it is a great introduction to this topic. There is lots of reading and research about the effects of segregation. If you are interested in learning more look at the links below.
This ProPublica piece, Segregation Now, by Nikole Hannah Smith, the reporter interviewed in the This American Life podcast, is also excellent.
Barton, P. E. (2010) The Black-White Achievement Gap: When Progress Stopped. Educational Testing Service. https://www.ets.org/Media/Research/pdf/PICBWGAP.pdf
Johnson, R. C. (2011) Long Run Impacts of School Desegregation and School Quality on Adult Attainments. National Bureau of Economic Research. http://www.nber.org/papers/w16664.pdf
Linn, R.L (2007). Race-Conscious Policies for Assigning Students to Schools: Social Science Research and the Supreme Court Cases. National Academy of Education: http://nepc.colorado.edu/files/Brief-NAE.pdf
Reardon, S.F. (2015). School Segregation and Racial Academic Achievement Gaps (CEPA Working Paper No.15-12). Retrieved from Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis: http://cepa.stanford.edu/wp15-12